The Social Democrat Party (SPD) won 38% of the vote at the German elections and formed a coalition with the DDP (German Democratic Party) and the ZP (Centre Party). Title: “Weimar Republic timeline: 1918-20” March 12th: The Kapp putsch: a Freikorps unit enters Berlin late at night and demands the replacement of the Ebert government with a right-wing government, led by civil servant Wolfgang Kapp. The Weimar Republic 1918-1929 - Edexcel; Hitler's rise to power, 1919-1933 - Edexcel. Hindenburg refused the request. Philipp Scheidemann became Chancellor. June 7th: The Young Plan is accepted by Germany. August 7th: The government passes the National Disarmament Law, requiring political and paramilitary groups to surrender caches of weapons and civilians to report the whereabouts of these weapons. February 14, 1926 Bamberg conference begins. google_ad_slot = "4852765988"; They were known as Stormtroopers and formed the party militia.
Large minority populations exist on both side of the boundary. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Brian Doone, Jim Southey, Steve Thompson google_ad_height = 600;
On the 13th of March, 1920, a rogue brigade of German troops marched into Berlin in an attempt to seize power. 13 th March 1920: The Kapp Putsch. 23 May 1921 German Freikorps smash Polish forces at St. Annaberg. Following new elections, Wilhelm Marx was unable to form a government and resigned as Chancellor. Membership of the Hitler Youth became compulsory for all children over the age of ten. 1918 (9th November) Kaiser Wilhelm abdicated and Germany was declared a Republic. Load. The most significant facts about Weimar Republic in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations. January 30th: Adolf Hitler is sworn in as German chancellor. The National Assembly becomes known as the Reichstag. November 8th: Democratic-socialists in Bavaria, led by Kurt Eisner, overthrow the Wittelsbach monarchy and proclaim a republic. The German Workers’ Party changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP).
Friedrich Ebert, leader of the SPD was declared President of the German Reublic. The first edition of the NSDAP newspaper (Voelkischer Beobachter) was published.
/* 160x600, created 12/31/07 */ With the Russians approaching Berlin, Adolf Hitler and his wife, Eva Braun committed suicide. The SS (Schutzstaffel) were formed. Jan 5, 1919. October 3rd: After two months of serious ill health, foreign minister Gustav Stresemann suffers a fatal stroke, aged 51. Reproduction Date: This Weimar Timeline charts the chronology of the Weimar Republic, dating the pre-history before the adoption of the actual Weimar constitution. He told the French that Germany would resume payment of reparations if the French pulled out of the Ruhr. 20 July 1932 Von Papen dissolves Prussian government. 17 November 1932 Franz von Papen (Center) leaves office, 28 January 1933 Kurt von Schleicher (no party affiliation) leaves office, Audio: Educational rapsong about The Weimar Republic by Johnathan Pagel, OGG format (2,14Mb) MP3 (4.33Mb). Friedrich Ebert received the support of the German army from General Groener. November 1922 100,000 marks = 1 US dollar. October 11th: Nationalists murder a young girl, Marie Sandmeier, for informing authorities about a stockpile of illegal arms. September 14th: Reichstag elections result in increased support for both the National Socialists (NSDAP) and the German Communist Party (KPD). The foreign press mourns his loss, hailing him as a champion of the “new Germany”. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. Around September 10 to September 25, 1923 Prices reportedly rise hourly in several German cities. The Centre Party‘s Heinrich Bruning is appointed chancellor of a minority government. May 11th: Austria’s largest bank collapses and declares bankruptcy. Adolf Hitler is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany. Activity; Contacts; Add . May 1st: The Nazis raid trade union offices and arrest union leaders, then ban all trade unions in Germany. A provisional coalition government was formed. Wilhelm Cuno resigned as Chancellor of Germany after the Reichstag passed a vote of no confidence against him. 30 June 1930 French troops leave the Rhineland ahead of schedule. French and Belgian troops occupied the Ruhr region after Germany defaulted on reparations repayments.
Its leaders, Wolfgan Kapp and Walther von Luttwiz, flee Berlin. August 11th: The Weimar constitution is proclaimed, formally ending the German Revolution. 1921 - Cabinet of Dr. Caligari.
He gave himself the title Fuhrer. June 20th: The Hoover Moratorium. The Constitution of the Weimar Republic is signed and introduces much greater democracy. The Swastika became the only flag of Nazi Germany. November 7th: Mutinous sailors seize control of many German coastal cities, plus the cities of Frankfurt and Munich. January 28th: Kurt von Schleicher resigns as chancellor; Hindenburg is pressured to appoint Hitler as his successor. 1 USD = 4,2 trillion mark 11/15/1923. Stresemann called off the Ruhr workers’ passive resistance to the French. General Helmuth Weildling offered a German unconditional surrender to the allies. Some of the agreements included the evacuation of Allied forces from the Ruhr and a reduction in reparations payments. Start of World War I. Adolf Hitler finishes job of guarding Russian prisoners. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. His resignation was accepted by President Hindenburg and he was succeeded by Hermann Muller who became Chancellor for the second time. Linea del tiempo. On the 5th and 6th of November, 1923, over 30,000 Germans rioted in Berlin protesting the hyperinflation. 4 February 1920 Allies demand 900 Germans be handed over for. February 20th: The DAP, now boasting around 300 members, re-forms as the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (NSDAP). All public servants – teachers, professors, judges and government officials – that were Jewish or not deemed to be true Nazis were removed from office. It calls for the rejection of the Young Plan, the Versailles treaty and Germany’s reparations obligations. January 19th: The provisional government holds elections for a new national assembly, the first German election to use proportional voting, universal suffrage and women’s suffrage. Nazi Germany withdrew from the League of Nations after a referendum showed the German people wholly in favour of the withdrawal. It was headed by Owen Young and allowed German to borrow money from the United States and pay off the reparations in smaller installations. 14 September 1930 Reichstag elections; gains by Nazi Party who become the second-largest party (behind the SPD.). Joachim von Ribbentrop, Hermann Goering and 20 other Nazi leaders were found guilty of war crimes. March 21st: In World War I, the German army launches the Spring Offensive, a final major offensive to break through the Western Front in northern France and Belgium. 6 November 1932 Reichstag elections; Nazis lose votes. google_ad_client = "pub-2707004110972434"; The Social Democrats chose the city of Weimar, as a safe place to draft a new Constitution, which was signed on August 11, 1919. February 21st: Kurt Eisner, the Jewish-German socialist who seized control of Bavaria in November 1918, is assassinated by a young nationalist. Germany was unable to pay the second installment of reparations as determined by the Treaty of Versailles. 29 April 1919 German representatives arrive in Paris. Continued outbreaks of violence in Berlin prevent the assembly from meeting there. 23 December 1918 Lt. Dorrenbach with the Volksmarine Division declare gov. Home » All Events » 20th Century Events » Weimar and Nazi Germany 1918 – 1945, Published Dec 7, 2018 @ 11:37 am – Updated – Sep 30, 2020 @ 10:54 am, Heather Y Wheeler. Create a Timeline Now; Weimar Republic. November 9th: Social Democratic Party (SDP) politician Philip Scheidemann proclaims a German republic. The government promised to continue to pay workers’ wages. May 3rd: Around 25,000 Reichswehr soldiers and Freikorps volunteers move into Munich and overthrow the Bavarian communist regime. August: The Allies launch a series of counter-offensives that drive the Germans out of northern France. Kurt von Schleicher was unable to hold the government together and resigned as Chancellor. Adolf Hitler was sent by the German army to spy on the DAP. Many members of the SA were committed socialists and demanded that Nazi … google_ad_width = 160; July 16, 1927 Unemployment Insurance Law passed. He was succeeded by Centrist politician, Wilhelm Marx who formed a minority government. The Great Depression saw large numbers of Germans facing unemployment and poverty as American banks withdrew loans to German companies who in turn had to lay workers off. He was succeeded by Heinrich Bruning. April 10th: Paul von Hindenburg is re-elected as German president, defeating Adolf Hitler by a small margin. In the wake of the Reichstag fire, the Nazis increase their representation to 288 seats. Gustav Bauer’s government resigned due to the fact that they had tried to negotiate with the leaders of the Kapp Putsch.
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